Mord mit Sturmgewehr schockiert Japan. Ein japanischer Yakuza-Führer wird in einem Bandenkrieg niedergemäht. Es ist ein rarer Fall in einem. Auch die Unterwelt von Japan beherbergt eine Mafia: Die Yakuza. Die japanische Mafia erklären wir Ihnen einfach in diesem Praxistipp. Die Welt der Yakuza in Japan. Die Ehre geht über alles. Wer dagegen verstößt, schneidet sich schon mal einen Finger ab. Im Kinofilm "Brother".
Yakuza: Die japanische Mafia einfach erklärtÜber die Frauen der Yakuza ist wenig bekannt. Eine aktive Rolle spielen sie in der japanischen Mafia-Organisation nicht, ihre grossflächigen. Die Welt der Yakuza in Japan. Die Ehre geht über alles. Wer dagegen verstößt, schneidet sich schon mal einen Finger ab. Im Kinofilm "Brother". Yakuza, auch als Gokudō von offiziellen Stellen Bōryokudan genannt, Eigenbezeichnung Ninkyō Dantai ist der Oberbegriff für japanische kriminelle Organisationen, deren Geschichte einige Jahrhunderte zurückreicht.
Yakuza Japan The Yakuza: The Japanese Mafia VideoConfessions of Ex-Yakuza Leader [ENG CC]
During the broadcast, an assortment of upcoming merchandise was also revealed. This includes a perfume set inspired by Kazuma Kiryu and Ichiban Kasuga that will be sold exclusively through the Japanese retailer Don Quixote.
This ritual is not exclusive to the Yakuza—it is also commonly performed in traditional Japanese Shinto weddings, and may have been a part of sworn brotherhood relationships.
However, after the war, the Yakuza adapted again. Prospective Yakuza come from all walks of life. The most romantic tales tell how Yakuza accept sons who have been abandoned or exiled by their parents.
Perhaps because of its lower socio-economic status, numerous Yakuza members come from Burakumin and ethnic Korean backgrounds.
Members of Yakuza gangs cut their family ties and transfer their loyalty to the gang boss. They refer to each other as family members - fathers and elder and younger brothers.
When the 3rd Yamaguchi-gumi boss Kazuo Taoka died in the early s, his wife Fumiko took over as boss of Yamaguchi-gumi, albeit for a short time. Yakuza have a complex organizational structure.
There is an overall boss of the syndicate, the kumicho , and directly beneath him are the saiko komon senior advisor and so-honbucho headquarters chief.
The second in the chain of command is the wakagashira , who governs several gangs in a region with the help of a fuku-honbucho who is himself responsible for several gangs.
The regional gangs themselves are governed by their local boss, the shateigashira. Each member's connection is ranked by the hierarchy of sakazuki sake sharing.
They have their own underlings, including other underbosses , advisors, accountants and enforcers. Those who have received sake from oyabun are part of the immediate family and ranked in terms of elder or younger brothers.
However, each kobun, in turn, can offer sakazuki as oyabun to his underling to form an affiliated organisation, which might in turn form lower ranked organizations.
In the Yamaguchi-gumi, which controls some 2, businesses and Yakuza groups, there are fifth rank subsidiary organizations.
Yubitsume , or the cutting off of one's finger, is a form of penance or apology. Upon a first offense, the transgressor must cut off the tip of his left little finger and give the severed portion to his boss.
Sometimes an underboss may do this in penance to the oyabun if he wants to spare a member of his own gang from further retaliation.
This practice has started to wane amongst the younger members, due to it being an easy identifier for police. Its origin stems from the traditional way of holding a Japanese sword.
The bottom three fingers of each hand are used to grip the sword tightly, with the thumb and index fingers slightly loose.
The removal of digits starting with the little finger moving up the hand to the index finger progressively weakens a person's sword grip. The idea is that a person with a weak sword grip then has to rely more on the group for protection—reducing individual action.
In recent years, prosthetic fingertips have been developed to disguise this distinctive appearance. Many Yakuza have full-body tattoos including their genitalia.
These tattoos, known as irezumi in Japan, are still often "hand-poked", that is, the ink is inserted beneath the skin using non-electrical, hand-made and handheld tools with needles of sharpened bamboo or steel.
The procedure is expensive, painful, and can take years to complete. When Yakuza members play Oicho-Kabu cards with each other, they often remove their shirts or open them up and drape them around their waists.
This enables them to display their full-body tattoos to each other. This is one of the few times that Yakuza members display their tattoos to others, as they normally keep them concealed in public with long-sleeved and high-necked shirts.
When new members join, they are often required to remove their trousers as well and reveal any lower body tattoos. Although Yakuza membership has declined since the implementation of the Anti- Boryokudan Act in , there are still approximately 28, active Yakuza members in Japan as of The Yamaguchi family is successful to the point where its name has become synonymous with Japanese organized crime in many parts of Asia outside Japan.
Many Chinese or Korean persons who do not know the name "Yakuza" would know the name "Yamaguchi-gumi", which is frequently portrayed in gangster films.
Under the Organized Crime Countermeasures Law, the Prefectural Public Safety Commissions have registered 24 syndicates as the designated boryokudan groups.
Fukuoka Prefecture has the largest number of designated boryokudan groups among all of the prefectures, at 5; the Kudo-kai , the Taishu-kai , the Fukuhaku-kai , the Dojin-kai and the Namikawa-kai.
Designated boryokudan groups are usually large organizations mostly formed before World War II , some before the Meiji Restoration of the 19th century ; however, there are some exceptions such as the Namikawa-kai , which, with its blatant armed conflicts with the Dojin-kai , was registered only two years after its formation.
Yakuza are regarded as semi-legitimate organizations. For example, immediately after the Kobe earthquake , the Yamaguchi-gumi , whose headquarters are in Kobe , mobilized itself to provide disaster relief services including the use of a helicopter , and this was widely reported by the media as a contrast to the much slower response by the Japanese government.
The Burakumin were the executioners, the butchers, the undertakers, and the leather workers. They were those who worked with death — men who, in Buddhist and Shinto society, were considered unclean.
The forced isolation of the Burakumin had started in the 11th century, but it got far worse in the year That year, formal laws were written to cast the Burakumin out of society.
Their children were denied an education, and many of them were sent out of the cities, forced to live in secluded towns of their own.
There are still lists passed around Japan that name every descendant of a Burakumin and are used to bar them from certain jobs.
But recent laws have restricted their activities significantly. In , a law was passed that made it illegal for Yakuza to be involved in legitimate businesses.
In , ordinances were passed that included hefty penalties for those who pay off Yakuza or do business with them. The government in Fukuoka set up a program that offered financial assistance to Yakuza members who want to get out of their gangs and get legitimate jobs.
In the s, the Yakuza membership peaked at about , Now, there are only about 39, members. Some organizations are said to find it hard to pay the wages of their members.
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Many hostess clubs and bars have ties to the Yakuza. Page Contents. A vintage photo of a group of Yakuza and presumably grandson, explaining their tattoos.
Jacob Harris. Thank you for reading one of my many articles about Japan. They are often portrayed in society as misunderstood heroes, robin hoods, and being interested in the common good.
Many people in society view the yakuza as public servants, helping the community, but on the other hand, there is still the view that these acts of servitude are just a way for the yakuza to gain public support.
The yakuza might be a volunteer organization in times of need, but they still leave negative images of themselves in society.
The yakuza in modern society are known for chopping peoples fingers off, and showcasing their nationalistic tattoos.
In regard to tattoos, onsens are a traditional Japanese hot spring public bathing areas, and are very common in Japanese society.
In Japan, tattoos are still to this day, viewed as a connection to organized yakuza crime. The tattoos are seen as symbols of a dangerous person, involved with the Japanese underground, and give off a sense of dismay, shame, and disapproval.
Additionally, those with tattoos are often not able to do simple tasks such as going to the gym or beach. People with tattoos also tend to have trouble finding a higher paying jobs.
There are instances where some politicians have made public servants confess whether or not they have body art. Those who do, are encouraged to leave public service Ankirskiy, Alexander Tattoos are an intense part of the modern culture.
Unless you can hide the tattoo, you risk being shamed, and seen as an outcast. Yakuza tend to have full body tattoos, that are in dark pigment.
All the yakuza tattoos resemble Japanese art and symbols. Yubitsume, is a traditional action in which someone in leadership of the yakuza cuts the pinky finger off a subject, as an act of punishment Tonry, M.
In this practice, the goal is to bring a substantial amount of shame to the victim. The punishment is one that publicly shows disapproval, and your failure.
Yakuza, in modern times are the criminal component of Japan, and probably always will be. Tattooing and yubitsume are the two most well-known yakuza practices by society.
The yakuza are also able to establish a negative image amongst the business world in Japan. Commonly, A public act of bribery, in which they will buy a large amount of stock from a business, just enough for them to get them into the shareholders meeting Rank, M.
Once in the meeting, the yakuza will try and find, or even create fake claims on the company. They then precede to tell the company owner that if the company fails to pay them a large sum of money, they will the fake knowledge they have gathered at the next share holder meeting.
The company always complies to avoid being shamed in front of the other partners. For all of history, shame is the most awful thing have thrust upon yourself in Japanese culture.
On the other hand, some legitimate sectors of Japanese society, such as large companies, have encouraged or condoned yakuza as their instruments, using them for intimidation.
They have the all same rights as any other corporate entity, and the members of the yakuza are ordinary modern citizens.
Adelstein continues by addressing that the yakuza have been around for a long time, and they know their rights very well.
One of the most legal realms of any society is the government. Politics are to be just, and politicians are suppose to represent the common good.
It is not unusual for citizens in Japan to take part in Political parties. This being said, what is unusual is how the yakuza and organized crime are able to control an entire wing of political parties.
The right wing is strong in Japan. Right wing parties, or Uyoku Dantai, as of , had around , members Kato, Norihiro The link between yakuza and uyoku dantai, and the link of organized crime to politicians, is what will be addressed and understood.
Upon doing my research I took to YouTube. It was made to be informative of the role yakuza play in politics and was created in It shows how yakuza is still present in modern times, despite being created in the 18th century.
It includes news coverage of the right winged party, Nihon-no-Kai, led by Masaya Kudo. Although the police are making serious efforts to suppress yakuza activity in Japan these days, it seems unlikely that the syndicates will disappear entirely.
They have survived for more than years, after all, and they are closely entwined with many aspects of Japanese society and culture.
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