Eine römische Legion (lateinisch legio, von legere „lesen“ im Sinne von: „auslesen“, Commons: Roman legions – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und. Eine römische Legion war ein selbstständig operierender militärischer Großverband im Römischen Reich, der meist aus 30Soldaten schwerer Infanterie und einer kleinen Abteilung Legionsreiterei mit etwa Mann bestand. Legions of Rome: The Definitive History of Every Imperial Roman Legion | Dando-Collins, Stephen | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle.
Römische LegionRoman Legion, ein Online Slot auf historischem Schlachtfeld mit Kriegern und Goldmünzen. Achten Sie auf: Römische Soldaten Wilds, 3 Reiter auf ungeraden. Eine römische Legion war ein selbstständig operierender militärischer Großverband im Römischen Reich, der meist aus 30Soldaten schwerer Infanterie und einer kleinen Abteilung Legionsreiterei mit etwa Mann bestand. Roman Legion Online. LEGION Titel knackigen und kurzen dem Unter erhältlich Bahnhofsbuchhandel und Zeitschriften- im Seiten 64 von Umfang im Romane.
Roman Legion 10. Legio III Gallica VideoSpielothekensession EXTREM! Von Roman Legion über Dragons Treasure bis hin zu Triple Chance! Tr5
When the Roman Republic started, with two consuls as leaders, each consul had command over two legions. These were numbered I-IV. The number of men, organization and selection methods changed over time.
The tenth X was Julius Caesar's famous legion. It was also named Legio X Equestris. Later, when it was combined with soldiers from other legions, it became Legio X Gemina.
By the time of the first Roman emperor, Augustus , there were already 28 legions, most of which were commanded by a senatorial legate.
During the Imperial period, there was a core of 30 legions, according to military historian Adrian Goldsworthy. The field units were to stay well behind the border, and to move quickly where they were needed, with both offensive and defensive roles.
Field units were formed by elite soldiers with high-level training and weapons. They were further divided into:. These units usually numbered between and 2, soldiers and some of them kept their original numbering schemes.
The primary source for the legions of this era is the Notitia Dignitatum , a late 4th-century document containing all the civil and military offices of both halves of the Roman Empire revised in c.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Structural history. Army Unit types and ranks Decorations and punishments Legions.
Auxilia Generals. Fleets Admirals. Campaign history. Wars and battles. Technological history. Military engineering Castra Siege engines.
Triumphal arches Roads. Political history. Strategy and tactics. Infantry tactics. Frontiers and fortifications. Main articles: Roman army , Imperial Roman army , and Roman legion.
Main article: Late Roman army. Ancient Rome portal War portal. A manual of Roman coins. Archived from the original on Retrieved Oxford University Press.
In spite of the steady inflation during the 2nd century, there was no further rise until the time of Septimius Severus , who increased it to denarii a year.
However, the soldiers did not receive all the money in cash, as the state deducted their pay with a clothing and food tax. To this wage, a legionary on active campaign would hope to add the booty of war, from the bodies of their enemies and as plunder from enemy settlements.
Slaves could also be claimed from the prisoners of war and divided amongst the legion for later selling, which would bring in a sizeable supplement to their regular pay.
Later, under Caracalla , the praemia increased to denarii. From BC onwards, each legion used an aquila eagle as its standard symbol.
The symbol was carried by an officer known as aquilifer , and its loss was considered to be a very serious embarrassment, and often led to the disbanding of the legion itself.
Normally this was because any legion incapable of regaining its eagle in battle was so severely mauled it was no longer combat effective.
When Caesar's troops hesitated to leave their ships for fear of the Britons, the aquilifer of the tenth legion threw himself overboard and, carrying the eagle, advanced alone against the enemy.
His comrades, fearing disgrace, 'with one accord, leapt down from the ship' and were followed by troops from the other ships.
With the birth of the Roman Empire, the legions created a bond with their leader, the emperor himself. Each legion had another officer, called imaginifer , whose role was to carry a pike with the imago image, sculpture of the emperor as pontifex maximus.
Each legion, furthermore, had a vexillifer who carried a vexillum or signum , with the legion name and emblem depicted on it, unique to the legion.
It was common for a legion to detach some sub-units from the main camp to strengthen other corps. In these cases, the detached subunits carried only the vexillum, and not the aquila, and were called, therefore, vexillationes.
A miniature vexillum, mounted on a silver base, was sometimes awarded to officers as a recognition of their service upon retirement or reassignment.
Civilians could also be rewarded for their assistance to the Roman legions. In return for outstanding service, a citizen was given an arrow without a head.
This was considered a great honour and would bring the recipient much prestige. The military discipline of the legions was quite harsh.
Regulations were strictly enforced, and a broad array of punishments could be inflicted upon a legionary who broke them.
Many legionaries became devotees in the cult of the minor goddess Disciplina , whose virtues of frugality, severity and loyalty were central to their code of conduct and way of life.
Examples of ideas that were copied and adapted include weapons like the gladius Iberians and warship design Carthaginians , as well as military units such as heavy mounted cavalry and mounted archers Parthians and Numidians.
This wiki. This wiki All wikis. Sign In Don't have an account? For other uses, see Legion disambiguation. This box: view talk edit.
Main articles: Roman army , Military history of ancient Rome , and Structural history of the Roman military. Main article: Early Roman army.
Main article: Roman army of the mid-Republic. Main article: Marian reforms. Main article: Imperial Roman army. Main article: Late Roman army.
Main article: Roman military decorations and punishments. Play media. Vol 1. To The Present. Ernest Dupuy, and Trevor N. War , Gwynne Dyer. The Punic Wars , Adrian Goldsworthy.
Cornell "Legion GmbH. Complete Roman Army. Studies in the Auxilia of the Roman Army. Frontiers of the Roman empire. See table in article "Auxiliaries Roman military " for compilation of this data.
New York, Routledge, pp. ISBN Septimius Severus: The African Emperor. This armor was made up of many pieces of laminated iron all bound together to form a very flexible, strong and the most effective of Roman body protection.
It seemingly replaced chain mail as the favored Legionary issue but due to budgeting constraints its length of service seems to have been a relatively short period of time roughly Rome's golden era in the early empire and through the late 2nd century.
Scale Armor, actually translated to Armor of Feathers. Scale armor consisted of row upon row of overlapping bronze or iron scales, which resembled a coat of feathers.
Scale seemingly began to replace Plate late in the 2nd Century CE, as it was easier and less expensive to make than the other forms, but was less flexible and is often considered far less capable.
Common thought is that it was especially vulnerable from an upward stab, but this theory is highly debated. The Roman short sword. It was a double-edged weapon about 18 inches long and two inches wide, often with a corrugated bone grip formed to the Legionaries hand.
A large round ball at the end helped with the balance. The primary use was for thrusting at short range. It was carried high on the right hand side so as to be clear of the legs and the shield arm.
The Roman javelin. It was seven feet long and very light, as it was thrown before just prior to engaging the enemy in melee, to disarm as much as wound them.
The top three feet were of iron with a hardened point. It is probable that more sturdy types of spear of the same name were available for defense against cavalry in formation such as the turtle.
The Roman dagger was anywhere from 7 to 11 inches long in similar width to the gladius. It could be highly decorative or very plain, but was a very useful secondary weapon in case of being disarmed.
It was attached to the belt on the left hand side. A centurion's equipment was notably different from that of a legionary. He wore a transverse, side to side, crest along his helmet that would serve as an easily recognized point of reference for the men.
The crest was made either of feathers or horsehair and colors could signify various ranks. Rather than the Lorica Segmentata of the Legionary, they would wear either chain or scale.
It was generally about waist length with a lower edge similar to the muscled cuirass. The armor and helmet could be silver-plated as well.
He did not wear the apron like the Legionary but had a double-pleated kilt like piece. They also wore a cloak, of fine material, which hung from the left shoulder and a very ornate belt.
Additionally the wearing of bronze greaves on the shins set them apart from the rank and file. They generally wore their swords on the left and daggers on the right, opposite of the common soldiers.
They carried a Vitis, vine staff, in his right hand as a symbol of his rank. It was made of grapevine and about 3 feet long.
Officers could, of course, dress very differently from anyone else and there seems to be set pattern to the styles.
They did have very fine dyed cloaks of various colors to signify rank. They generally wore a muscled cuirass and used a parazonium instead of a gladius; both described below.